Mixed methods evaluation of reasons why care deviates from clinical guidelines among patients with multimorbidity.
Medical Care Research and REview, 2020. [Epub ahead of print]
Cohen-Stavi C, Key C, Molcho T, Yacobi M, Balicer RD, Shadmi E.
Reasons why care does not conform to single-disease guideline recommendations for multimorbid patients have not been systematically measured in practice. Using a mixed methods approach, we identified and quantified types of reasons why care deviates from nine sets of disease guideline recommendations for multimorbid patients. Utilizing a focus group concept mapping technique, we built on a categorization of reasons explaining guideline deviation, and surveyed treating nurses about these reasons for patients’ specific care processes. Directed content analysis was conducted to classify the responses into reasons categories. Of 4,386 guideline-recommended care processes evaluated, 920 were not guideline-concordant (944 reasons). Three broad categories of reasons and 18 specific reasons were identified: Biomedical-related occurred 35.2% of the time, patient personal-related (30.4%), context-related (18.4%), and unknown (16.0%). Patient- and context-related factors are prevalent drivers for guideline deviation in multimorbidity, demonstrating that patient-centered aspects are as much a part of care decisions as biomedical aspects.